1837 African American Census – Thomas Little

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Today, after the torrential rain, I rushed down to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania to find the 1837 African American Census. My $8.00 was well worth it although it started to seem as though I was going to go home empty-handed. No such luck!

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I had been warned by someone ever so helpful at HSP that they did have the census but “it didn’t contain much information.” Thank goodness, I’d seen the 1847 African American Census and knew these documents were genealogy GOLD! I’m glad I’m not easily discouraged and you really can’t be when embarking on genealogy. Here is a list of what is contained in the census:

  • Name of family
  • Total number of residents
  • Number of residents who are natives of the state
  • Number of residents who are not natives of the state
  • Occupation of males
  • Occupation of females
  • Value of property
  • Real estate
  • Amount of incumbrance
  • Personal estate
  • Amount paid for ground rent
  • Amount paid for house rent
  • Amount paid for water rent
  • Number of children in day school
  • Number of children not in day school
  • Amount of tax paid
  • How freed and cost of freedom
  • If from another state, how much property brought to Philadelphia
  • Number of children in Sunday school
  • Number of children not in Sunday school
  • Number of household members belonging to beneficial societies
  • Name of the meeting attended by household members

“Nothing”

At any rate, the first volume I reviewed listed a Tobias Little. I took photos and made copies just in case. One never knows where there will be an error or typo.

tobias little

I reviewed two other volumes and found no Hogans or Littles. As I’m rushing to leave, I review the last volume and three pages in at the bottom of the page – I found Thomas Little living in Sterling Alley with eight family members, seven natives to Pennsylvania and one not native. This sounds like my family.

The case supporting Thomas Little as my 5th great-grandfather is pretty compelling but it is indirect. There is a listing of Catherine Little (b 1788) as Thomas’ widow in the city directory.  Thomas Little, Jr (Jul 1817) stated his father was born in Pennsylvania while his mother was born in New Jersey. We know Catherine states multiple times that she was born in New Jersey. I found Thomas Little on the 1820 Census which is a good gauge for his age.

I’m pretty confident that 1) Thomas and Catherine married and 2) Thomas was born in Pennsylvania between 1780 and 1790. If so, this would mean that Thomas Little would be the key for his descendents to qualify for in the First Families of Pennsylvania – Colonies and Commonwealth – 1638 – 1790.  I plan to spend the next month trying to find additional information to support this contention  as the deadline to apply is May 30 for recognition in October.

But back to the 1837 Census.  So much for the census “not containing much information.”

thomas little 1

Add to the list of things I know about my ancestors the following:

  • Thomas worked as a sugar refiner or at a sugar refinery.
  • He had not amassed any real estate, renting his home for $70 per year. His personal wealth was $350.
  • Two of the children that lived with him (probably his children) attended school.
  • Confirmation again that none of the members of the household were manumitted, i.e. they were not born enslaved.
  • One member of the family belonged to Daughters of Ethiopia and the family attend The African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas for religious worship.

thomas little 2

What’s interesting about the St. Thomas confirmation, my grandmother, Thomas’ 3rd great granddaughter was Episcopalian. I had a hunch I was going to find that her choice of faith went back very far. My instinct now has been confirmed.

Gee, I don’t know – qualifying for First Families of Pennsylvania, confirming they were not born enslaved AND ascertaining the church my ancestors attended in the 1830s  (which may lead to other documents) seems more than “nothing” to me! But maybe I’m not indifferent…eh…impartial.

This week has been a very good week in breakthroughs. As always, I’m interested in building a network of researchers for this time period. Please spread the word. Thanks!

 

Bethel Burial Ground Name Index

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It seems to me that the sky has opened and I believe there is a very good reason why I’m just stumbling upon such great information this week in particular. I’m pretty sure that within the next two weeks, I’ll have reviewed both the 1837 and 1856 African American Quaker censuses. I’m hopeful that I will find my 5th great grandfather in the 1837 index. However, any find for this time period, whether my ancestors are indexed or not, is  GREAT find in my opinion. Hopefully, one day this information will become useful to someone.

Among many historical institutions in Philadelphia, Mother Bethel is one of the most influential in African American religious life. In the past few years, on a site used as a municipal playground, the old Mother Bethel burial ground has been found.  After a campaign, the site will be preserved and not desecrated for development. Also, this site could prove VERY valuable for research purposes. So while burial ground site may not have any specific resources pertinent to me, in a general sense, it may help me build a better portrait of my ancestors on a broader level.

Terry Buckalew has created an index of African Americans buried in the Bethel Burial Ground. The list is not complete but it does offer nice details, akin to what we might find on a more contemporary death certificate, i.e. cause of death. Below is a description of the index with a link to the index.

The following is an alphabetical directory of 1,617African American Philadelphians who were buried at the Bethel Burying Ground in the 400 block of Queen Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from 1810 to 1864. Research is only 50% complete. (Revised 10 November 2013)

Source

Additional information can be found here:
WECCACOE: BURYING GROUND, GARDEN, PARK AND PLAYGROUND – A HISTORICAL SKETCH AND TIMELINE FROM 1800 – 2012

Update on Catherine Little – 1847 African American Census – Philadelphia Completed by Quaker Society

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I’d been excited about this census since learning of its existence while reading “Forging Freedom: The Formation of Philadelphia’s Black Community, 1720-1840“, by Gary B. Nash. I knew it was accessible either at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania or the Friends Historical Library at Swarthmore College. I’m very pleased that Ancestry.com continues to add to content to their product. I’ve found so much in the last few months, including this census and previously unavailable death certificates.

To begin, the documents are very difficult to read on Ancestry.com. AND there is a wealth of information contained in this census. I was excited about it prior to getting my hands on it but when I realized the details of what is actually contained within this census, I’m floored, flabbergasted but grateful. I’ve had one nagging question about my 5th Great Grandmother, Catherine Little, born in 1788 in New Jersey. Since this time period was in such flux as it related to person-hood in both Pennsylvania and New Jersey, I could not assume that she was born free, enslaved or served an apprenticeship. I’ve struggled with developing a research plan because I do not know which county she originated from in New Jersey.

The 1847 Census contains the following information where I’m assuming blank spaces are negative responses:

1 – Name

2 – Residence

3 – Number in family

4 – Males

5 – Females

6 – Under 5

7 – Under 15

8 – Under 50

9 – Over 50

10 – Natives of state

11 – Not natives

12 – Male intemperate

13 – Female intemperate

14 – Number insane

15 – Number helpless

16 – Receives public aid

17 – Orphans

18 – Not taken care of by parents

19 – Can read

20 – At service

21 – Not at service

22 – Can write

23 – Occupation of Males and compensation

24 – Occupation of Females and compensation

25 – Children under 20 and not at school how employed

26 – Number at school

27 – School attended

28 – Number occupying a room

29 – Size of rooms

30 – Whole number in house when rooms are occupied

31 – Value of real estate

32 – Incumbrances

33 – Personal property

34 – Cost of house or room

35 – Water rent (??)

36 – Taxes

37 – Born slaves

38 – Bought Freedom

39 – Amount paid for Freedom

40 – By whom manumitted

41 – Number belong to a beneficial societies

42 – Number attending religious meetings

43 – Number not attending religious meetings

44 – Belong to Temperance Society

45 – Remarks

IF you are fortunate enough to have an ancestor interviewed in this census, feel blessed because it is very rare for us to have this information, particularly during the antebellum period.  Thank you Friends Society!

What I’ve learned about Catherine

Catherine Little 1847 African American Census, Philadelphia

In 1847, Catherine Little lived with two other people in her household. She was the head of household living with one male and one female. Catherine was over 50 at the time and this is noted in the census. The other two people living with her were under 50 but I would assume over 15 as this is not marked on the census. All three of the members of Catherine’s household were born in Pennsylvania and none were intemperate. All three could read and write. The male worked as a waiter. At least one of the females worked twice a week but the occupation is not listed.

Other rich details include that two of the members of the family belong to a beneficial society (very common during this time), all three attended religious services and one of the household members belonged to the Temperance Society. These are wonderful details to help create a portrait of who Catherine was.

But to answer one of the most pressing questions I had regarding Catherine Little: according to this census, she was not born enslaved.

I can’t wait to absorb this all and bookend it with the 1840 and 1850 censuses for Catherine and her children. I need to also explore the Bass connection. The Bass brothers and my ancestors resided together for several years. What might I uncover following the Bass line of research, I wonder. What can proximity tell me, if anything?

As always, I’m looking for anyone who has ancestors to research who were African Americans in antebellum Philadelphia. Please spread the word. Thanks!

 

 

1847 Census of African Americans in Philadelphia

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While doing some research this morning, I notice that Ancestry.com has a promotion and portal for Quaker records. I’d recently become aware of the Quaker census of African American in Philadelphia. I’ve not had the opportunity to track this down at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania but I’m pleased to learn that the documents are available online via Ancestry. So if you have ancestors who may have lived in Philadelphia in 1847, let me know. If I can find some information for you, I will share if you do not have an Ancestry subscription.

Here is a description:

About Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, African-American Census, 1847

The Philadelphia Monthly Meeting of the Society of Friends (Quakers) commissioned this census of thousands of free African American families and individuals living in six areas of the Philadelphia. This was done in order to further their efforts to help the African-American population of the city.

The census includes information on a variety of social variables. Included for each family: Name of head of household, household size by gender and age; street address; employment and compensation of everyone working in the home; children’s schools; value of personal property; whether members were born in Pennsylvania, debts, taxes, ability to read and write, how many family members were born as slaves and how much they paid for their freedom (and to whom, when known).

Although this census excludes the substantial number of African Americans living in white households, they provide data not found in the federal population schedules. When combined with the information on African Americans taken from federal censuses, it offers researchers a richly detailed view of Philadelphia’s African American community in 1847.

 

I hope I find some ancestors in this file as I’ve often suspected I would. I’ll spend some time combing through these documents.

I’ve been a little busy with other projects but I must finish the census of Free Philadelphians with trades.  I hope someone is finding this information useful. As always, I’m looking for other genealogists who have an interest in this time period. If you know of anyone, please let me know.

Trades of the Colored People in the City of Philadelphia and Districts 1838 – Part 2

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*These carry on business. Of those not marked about one-half work as Journeyman, and the rest from choice or necessity follow other occupations.

 

Brass-Founders
YOUNG, Perry Pink, (Kensington)
ZEINER, Philip (and bell-founder) Juniper alley
Brewer
KING, Thomas 338 South
Bricklayers
*BROWN, Perry Apple, above Brown
NEWSOM, Nathan Apple, above Culvert
STEWARD, John B Little Pine, above 7th
TENNENT, sr, William Clymer, below 6th
WILLIAMS, William
Bricklayers and Plasterers
*BAGWELL, Edward Davis’s court, Christian
*BAGWELL, Richard Davis’s court, Christian
GILES, Thomas Pearl, bet 13th and Broad
GRAY, James Hurst
*SALTERS, Parris (and slater) 2 Elizabeth
Brush-Makers
COLLINS, Cato 100 North 4th
*LEWIS, Daniel rear 96 Gaskill
*LEWIS, William
Cabintet-Makers
BAPTISTE, Eugene 7th near Lombard
BARCLAY, Robert 334 South
BARNARD, William 169 South
CLEMENT, James rear 137 Lombard
*FRISBY, Charles 162 Lombard
*GROSS, jr, Thomas Pine alley
*GROSS, sr, Thomas Pine alley
KEATH, Mathew E Hunter, above 10th
LEE, James Gray’s alley
NASH, Charles (and bleeder) Quince, above Spruce
*RANDOLPH, John St Mary, bet 7th and 8th
RICHARDS, James Read’s court
THOMAS, Robert B 203 south 7th
THOMAS, Paul
*VAN BRACKLE, Samuel 123 Locust
Cabintet-Makers and Carpenters
BALLON, William 4 Little Pine
*CHARNOCK, Thomas rear 172 Pine
*JOHNSON, James 143 Lombard
LECOUNT, James Bonsall
*SCOTT, Daniel Washington, above 11th
Carpenters
*ATKINS, Charles 28 Blackberry alley
*ALMOND, Mukes Barrow
ALMOND, Nathaniel St Mary, below 6th
*ALMOND, Thomas Barrow
BELOSS, William Little Pine, above 7th
*BLACK, Charles Christian, above 8th
BROWN, Marcus Lebanon, below Fitzwater
*BROWN, Thomas C 169 South
*BUTLER, William 71 George
CLYMER, John Warren
CROPPER, Laban 61 Currant alley
DIGGS, Jos (and cooper) Juniper, above Race
DUTAIR, Francis between Federal and Fitzwater, and 13th and Broad
EVERSON, Gilpin 30 Gaskill
*FITZGERALD, Jacob Lombard, below 8th
GARNETT, Solomon Juniper alley
*GIBBONS, James Middle alley
*GIVEN, John Little Pine, above 7th
*GLAZO, Geo, (and blacksmith) Franklin (S)
*GRAYSON, James W cor. 8th and Emeline
HAINES, Peter 8th, below South
*HARDING, James 157 south 6th
HARRINGTON, EC 119 Plum
HARRIS, Eli 14 Middle alley
HENDERSON, Joseph, George between Schuykill 6th and 7th
HICKS, Robt (and wheelwright) Apple, above Culvert
JACKSON, Henry 16 Gaskill
*JANIES, William rear 172 Pine
LOUDON, Richard 184 Pine
*MILLER, George Lombard, near 7th
PARK, John Warren
*RANDOLPH, John Pine alley
*ROBERTS, Joseph (and cooper) corner of 7th and St Mary
RUFFIN, Daniel Smith’s court, 8th near Vine
RUFFIN, Robert Washington, above 11th
TILERSON, George
TUNNELL, Abner 226 south 7th
*VENNING, Edward B Little Pine, above 7th
*VENNING, John Little Pine, above 7th
WANE, Cato B (and shoemaker) 161 south 6th
WEEKS, Severn Spruce, below Schuyl 6th
Caulkers
JAMES, Peter Lombard, below 8th
MCFARLAND, William School
Chair-Bottomers
JOHNSON, James J Shippen, above 6th
JOHNSON, Jesse
Confectioners
*AUGUSTUS, Peter J 3d above Spruce
GORDON, Sarah Ann 57 Pine
*JACKSON, Augustus 9 Goodwater alley
*LAMBSONG, Culvert above Apple
*MOLLINEAUX, Peter 1 Washington place
Coopers
CLARK, Silas
DIGGS, Joseph (and carpenter) Juniper, above Race
JOHNSON, Edward 6 Washington, above 11th
NORFLET, David Eagle court
PETERS, Lee 205 north 9th
Curriers
GREEN, Samuel
MINTOS, James S Raspberry alley
Dentist
MCCRUMMILL, Jas (& bleeder) 266 north 3d
Dress-Makers
*ALMOND, Juliana corner of Carpenter and P. road
*ALZIER, Dephene 11th above Lombard
*ANDERSON, Ann corner 8th and Lombard
*ARMSTRONG, Sarah 61 Currant alley
*BEULAH, Sarah Bonsall
*BIRCH, Esther 26 Sassafrass alley
*BOARDLEY, Rebecca 10 Pleasant avenue
*BROWN, Georgeana 95 Lombard
*BROWN, Henrietta Bedford, corner 7th
*BROWN, Jane 241 Shippen
*BROWN, Mary Plum, below 5th
*BROWN, Rebecca Bonsall
*BUNDY, Harriet 239 Lombard
*BURR, Mary 113 south 5th
*CAREY, Margaret Bedford, below 8th
*CAREY, Mary 6th, above Lombardd
*CORK, Henrietta Hog alley
*CORNISH, Emeline 71 George
*CRIPPIN, Anncerbella McCloskey’s court
*DOYER, Louisa 166 Lombard
*EDWARDS, Eliza St Mary, below 7th
*EMERY, Juliana 129 Locust
GARDNER, Margaretta 239 south 7th
*GIBBS, Mary Ann 115 Lombard
GORDON, Sarah Ann 57 Pine
*GREEN, S Little Pine, below 7th
*GUILBERRY, Mary 147 Locust
*HAMPTON, Ann 147 Locust
*HANN, Rachel Bedford, below 8th
*HARRIS, Ellen Carpenter, above 8th
*JACKSON, Mary Paschall’s alley
*JEFFRIES, Wealthy Bonsall
*JOHNSON, Elizabeth 237 south 7th
JOHNSON, Jane corner 8th and Emeline
*JONES, Eliza 242 Lombard
*JONES, Matilda Bedford, below 8th
*KENTON, Elizabeth 154 Pine
*LECOUNT, Isabella Bonsall
*LECOUNT, Jane 17 Elizabeth
*LEE, Ann Gray’s alley
*MARTIN, Letitia Carpenter, above 8th
*MATHEWS, Susan Washington, below 12th
*MCKENSIE, E 172 Pine
*MILLER, Mary Ann Pearl, bet 13th and Broad
*MINTON, Catherine Washington, below 12th
*MOORE, Louisa 150 Locust
MOORE, Susan SE corner 9th and Shippen
NICKENS, Harriet C 107 north 9th
*PETER, Mary Jane 128 Locust
*PETTS, Elizabeth Bonsall
*PORTER, Susan Lombard, above 7th
*POTTS, Wilhemina Lombard, below Schuykill 5th
*PROCTOR, Mary 17 Elizabeth
*PURNELL, Emily Catherine, below 7th
*RIX, Rachel Mercer
*ROBERTS, Elizabeth Ann NE corner 7th and St Mary
*ROBERTS, Hannah 29 Currant alley
*ROGERS, Mary Helmuth, above Schuyl. 6th
*ROLLEY, Eliza Watson’s alley
*ROLLEY, Mary 112 north 5th
*ROWLAND, Mary Clymer, below 6th
*ROWLEY, A 7th, below Lombard
*SCOTT, Margaret 144 Locust
*SHEPPARD, Emma Bedford, below 8th
*SPILLER, Eliza 237 Lombard
*SULLIVAN, Sarah SW cor 7th and St Mary
*TENNENT, Louisa Clymer, below 6th
*TENNENT, Margaret Clymer, below 6th
*TILGHMAN, Ann Twelve-foot alley
*TODD, Ann Green’s court
TODD, Mary 11 Wagner’s alley
*TRUETT, Emeline 5th, opposite Powell
*VENNING, Elizabeth Bonsall
*VENNING, Mary Barley
*VENNING, Sarah Lebanon, below Fitzwater
*WAITTS, Rebecca 243 Spruce
*WARDRUPT, Mary Ann Eagle court
*WHITE, Martha Pearl, bet 13th and Broad
*WHITE, Mary Ann Pine, near 10th
*WILLIAMS, Naomi Eagle court
*Woodson, Ann 8th, below South

 
Source: Register Of Trades Of The Colored People In The City of Philadelphia And Districts, Merrihew and Gunn, Printers, 1838

Trades of the Colored People in the City of Philadelphia and Districts 1838 – Part 1

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*These carry on business. Of those not marked about one-half work as Journeyman, and the rest from choice or necessity follow other occupations

 

Baker
Name Address
BROWN, George Parham Street
CAMPBELL, Randolph U. Bradford below 12th
FOX, Daniel D. Passyunk road below South
HAINESLEY, Risdon S 7th below Shippen
HOY, Isaac 12th below Shippen
*MILLER, James 27 Prune
ROUKER, Alfred Eagles court
TURNER, John Hog Alley
WILSON, James
Basket-Maker
*BANKS, Murrill Pine above 10th
*BROWN, William C corner of South Second and Swede’s alley
*RUSSELL, Richard Giles’s alley
Blacksmith
BANKS, Solomon Eagle court
*BOOKER, Cornelius Lebanon, below Fitzwater
*BOOKER, John Lebanon, below Fitzwater
BOUNDS, Richard
*BRAVARD, John Shippen, below 8th
BROWN, John Relief alley
COSTELLO, Reuben Prosperous alley
GLAZE, George, (and carpenter) Franklin st, Southwark
GREEN, Samuel T Davis’s court
HOLLEY, Aaron Type alley, above 12th
JOHNSON, John 36 Gaskill
LEWIS, John Davis’s court
MILLER, John Coates, between 11th and 12th
MILLER, Nathaniel Morris, below Fitzwater
MOORE, George Paschall’s alley
MORRIS, Benjamin corner of Broad and Paper alley
*QUIN, John near Schuykill Front and Vine
ROBERTS, Charles J Bonsall street
SHAD, Jeremiah Kneass court, George st
STEVENSON, John Shippen below 8th
THOMAS, William Atkins court
WELLS, John Currant alley, above Locust
Black and Whitesmith
ALBERT, Abraham Bedford, below 8th
CRAMER, James Pine, below 10th
SCOTTRON, Samuel 6th, below Catherine
SMITH, Amos Wagner’s alley
*SMITH, Thomas Wagner’s alley
Bleeders
*ALLEN, Richard 7th, below Lombard
*BIAS, James J.G. 2 Acorn alley
*BUTLER, Wallace 16 Bird’s court
*COPELAND, Allen (and shoemaker) 155 Lombard
*MCCRUMMILL, James (and dentist) 266 North 3d
*NASH, Charles (and cabinet maker) Qunice, above Spruce
*NORMAN, William 226 Lombard
PEPPELL, Philip 3 Shippen
*PURDY, John (and shoemaker) Middle alley
Bleeders and Hairdressers
*BASS, Joseph Race, corner of 4th
*BUTLER, Thomas 3 North 8th
*FURBER, William W 85 South 12th
*ROLLEY, Abner 112 North 5th
*WHITE, Jacob C 100 Old York road
Boot and Shoemaker
ANDERSON, Philip P Emeline street
*ARMSTEAD, John Juniper alley
*ARMSTRONG, John 61 Currant alley
AUGUSTUS, Joseph
BARR, Alexander 12th above Spruce
BIBBINS, John Osborn’s court
*BIRD, James 252 South 7th
*BLAKE, Levin Shippen, below 7th
BROWN, Andrew (and tanner) 1 Toy’s court
*BROWN, James 243 Shippen
*BROWN, John L 359 South
*BROWN, jr. Morris 359 South
BROWN, sr. Morris 241 Shippen
*BURNS, Francis Locust, above 6th
*CAMPBELL, Anthony Milton, above 10th
CHAVERS, Jesse Leydon court
*COLLY, Daniel (and tanner and currier) 189 South 6th
*CONDY, James Catherine, above 7th
*COOTS, Reuben 12th, above Spruce
*COPELAND, Allen (and bleeder) 155 Lombard
*CORNISH, Henry C St Mary’s, below 7th
CUSTIS, Lewis Washington, above 11th
*DAVIS, Manuel 34 1/2 South 2d
DAVIS, Peter Sterling alley
DEPEE, Abraham Prosperous alley
DEVANT, John
*DORSEY, Thomas 36 North 6th
*DOUGLASS, Levi 3d, below Race
*DRUMMOND, Lewis 20 North 4th
FITZGERALD, Thomas
FLAMER, William Carpenter, between 8th and 9th
FORMAN, Francis Type alley
FOSTER, William Mary’s alley
FREEMAN, Charles 150 Spruce
*GORDON, jr, Robert C 57 Pine
HARRISON, Isaiah Catherine, below 7th
HENRY, James
*HILL, Champion corner 7th and Carpenter
*HOLCOMBE, Robert L rear 126 North 2d
JACKSON, Richard Lombard, above 7th
*JAMES, Richard Wood, below Schuykill 6th
JAMES, Toliver Carlton, near Schuykill 6th
JEFFRIES, jr, William corner 7th and Fitzwater
JOHNSON, H M B Otter, by Front
*LANDOWAY, Abel 20 South 4th
*LEWIS, Joseph St Mary’s, above 7th
*LUCAS, John 150 Spruce
MACKLIN, Isaac Prosperous alley
MEDAD, George Washington, above 11th
*MEDAD, Stephen Washington, above 11th
MINTO, Henry Washington, below 12th
MONTIER, Hiram Webb’s alley
MONTIER, Joseph 10th above Market
MONTIER, Richard 18 Lombard
*MONTIER, Solomon 10th above Market
MONTIER, William Webb’s alley
*MOORE, Richard 210 south 7th
MOREN, John 119 Plum
*NORRIS, John 197 Lombard
PARKER, Elam Powell, below 6th
PARKER, Wesley 18 St Mary
PERRY, John Middle alley
PLEASANT, Peter Pearl, bet 13th and Broad
*PROCTOR, Walter 17 Elizabeth
PURDY, John (and bleeder) Middle alley
*PUSEY, Alexander 157 south 4th
QUIRE, Peter Dean’s alley
*RICHMOND, James 4th, above Coates
RILEY, William H corner Little Pine and 7th
RINGOLD, Henry 157 south 4th
*ROBERTS, John B 151 Locust
ROBINSON, Joseph Pine, above 11th
*ROLLINS, Daniel North-East corner 10th and Cherry
SAUNDERS, Joseph Pine, above Master
SCOTT, Henry 144 Locust
SCOTT, James 20 North 4th
*SIMPSON, Charles 95 north 5th
SIMPSON, Emery 5th, below George, (NL)
*SIMPSON, William 48 south 4th
SMITH, William Union, above 2d
*SPENCER, Peter Locust, above 10th
*STILLE, John Centre, below 13th
STOKELY, John Pearl, above 13th
*STRATTON, John Bedford, below 8th
*TEMPLE, James Chestnut, corner Strawberry
*TERONE, Charles corner 8th and Lombard
*THOMPSON, Thomas Locust, above 10th
TURNER, Jesse Quince, above Spruce
VENNING, Luke Lebanon, below Fitzwater
*WANE, Cato B (and carpenter) 161 south 6th
WATSON, Jacob St. Mary, above 7th
WEEKS, Nathaniel Quince, above Spruce
WILLIAMS, Jacob St. Mary, above 7th
WILLIAMS, Stephen 150 Spruce
WILSON, Thomas 19 Parham
WILSON, William Henry 10th, below Lombard

Source:  Register Of Trades Of The Colored People In The City of Philadelphia And Districts, Merrihew and Gunn, Printers, 1838

Census of the ENSLAVED in the 1800 Philadelphia Septennial Census

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For many, reconciling the City of Brotherly Love’s, i.e. the Cradle of American Democracy with the institution of Chattel Slavery is very difficult. With most difficult issues, we tend to bury the information. Finding a list of the enslaved with names, prior to Emancipation is rare. Here we have a list of the enslaved in Philadelphia county, numbering 43 total, in 1800.

 

Ward Name Age “Owner” Sex Race
Walnut Ward Silva Dora 30 William Millnor F
South Mulberry David Roxborough 21 Doug Gibbs M Mulatto
South Mulberry Freegift Brooks 40 Mary Tucker F Negro
South Mulberry Hannah Girl Charles La Roy F Negro
North Mulberry Tom 90 Widow Moulder M Black
North Mulberry Minerva 50 Peter LaCombe F Woman of Color
North Mulberry Peter Lewis 21 Peter LaCombe M Man of Color
North Mulberry Julian 25 Doctor Mackie M Black
North Mulberry Nell 40 Widow Hockley F Black
North Mulberry Rebecca 48 Widow Rodman F Black
North Mulberry Rose 45 Abigail Delyon F Black
North Mulberry Lucy 70 Abigail Delyon F Black
North Mulberry Teresa 24 Abigail Delyon F Black
North Margeret 24 F
North Eglee 18 Simon Fizle
High Street Eleanor 21 Christian Wiltberger F
Chestnut Jane Trime 40 F
South Male Slave 25 M
Dock Draper Robson 23 M Black
Dock Judith Hines 13 F Black
Dock Allen Watson 20 M Black
Dock William Nesbitt 30 M Black
Dock Joseph Cunningham 30 M Black
Dock Daniel Cunningham 30 M Black
Dock Judith Milligan 30 F Black
Dock Augustus Turpolds 16 M Black
Dock Joseph Houston 25 M Mulatto
Dock Harry Savage 22 M Black
Dock Harry Chew 35 M Black
Dock Sarah Chew 35 F Black
Dock Caleb Parkinson 16 M Black
Dock Quin Parkinson 22 M Black
Dock Flora Parkinson 15 F Black
Dock John Parkinson 12 M Black
Dock London Emlen 25 M Black
New Market Female Slave 28 Samuel Young F
New Market Male Slave 50 Est of Robt Bridges dec M
New Market Female Slave 60 Est of Arch McCall dec F
New Market Male Slave 30-40 J B Boandly Esqr M
New Market Male Slave 30-40 J B Boandly Esqr M
New Market Female Slave 30-40 J B Boandly Esqr F
New Market Female Slave 18 Ann Pritchett F
New Market Male Slave 23 John Philips M

 

Source: Septennial Census Returns, 1779–1863. Box 1026, microfilm, 14 rolls. Records of the House of Representatives. Records of the General Assembly, Record Group 7. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg, PA.

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Wards 17-25 – African Americans

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Helpful Vocabulary:

Carman ‘Driver of (horse-drawn) vehicles for transporting goods. Carmen were often employed by railway companies for local deliveries and collections of goods and parcels. Modern day van driver. Also sometimes someone who drove horse-drawn trams was called a Carman.’
Carter Carrier of goods by wagon
Chimney Sweep Chimney Cleaner
Confectioner One whose occupation it is to make or sell confections, which are preparations of fruits preserved with sugar, such as peaches, pears, melons, nuts, orange peels, etc., and/or sugar candies.
Mantua maker A dress maker – A Mantua was a loose gown worn over a petticoat and open down the front.
Ostler Originally, a Hostler was the host of an Inn or (H)ostelry. Later became the man employed to look after the horses of the visitors
Paperhanger An interior decorator who put up wallpaper.
Porter 1) Door or gate keeper 2) Carried baggage in railway stations and other public places
Stevedore A dock worker or labourer who unloads and loads ships’ cargoes.
Teamster Driver of a team horses used for hauling
Wheeler 1) Made wheels 2) Spinning wheel attendant 3) Led pit ponies underground in the pits
Wheelwright Made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.
Whitewasher Whitewasher: One who whitewashes by using a composition of water and lime or sizing to whiten walls, ceilings, etc.

Source

Source

Source

 

 Final wards for 1863

Ward 17
Name Surname Occupation Sex Division Pg
Davis Moses Laborer M 8 193
Ward 19
Name Surname Occupation Sex Division Pg
Dito Sophia Widow F 9 272
Donovan Job M 8 242
Ruth J Roberts F 5 158
Rebecca Roberts F 5 158
Catherine Roberts F 5 158
Elizabeth Roberts F 5 158
Walker Laxine F 4 133
Wai?? Ja M 4 133
Burns Edmere M 4 104
Williams Charles R.Est M 2 65
Williams Abry F 2 65
Polk Jas K R.Est M 2 57
Apples Sebas Saw. M. M 1 2
Ward 20
Name Surname Occupation Sex Division Pg
Brown Henry C Lecturer M 11 303
Higgins William Barber M 9 251
Young Cecilia F 8 238
Patton Marsha F 8 228
Young William Wheeler M 5 151
Stile Aaron Barber M 5 146
Clover Joanna F 4 97
James Lucy F 1 12
Ward 21
Name Surname Occupation Sex Division Pg
Gibson John Laborer M 2 40
Bright Alfred Laborer M 2 34
Ward 22
Name Surname Occupation Sex Division Pg
Pernell Esaw Farmer M 5 126
McKinsey Isaac Farmer M 5 123
Montier Charles Farmer M 5 122
Miller Gideon P Blk Smith M 5 122
Fisher Washington Laborer M 5 115
Butler Henry C Laborer M 5 110
Ballard Caroline Laundress F 5 110
Rachel Gibbs none F 2 33
Matthew Hogan Laborer M 1 9
George Darnell Farmer M 1 5
Ward 23
Name Surname Occupation Sex Division Pg
Harris Perry Gardener M 6 143
James Watson Wheelwright M 5 129
Jamar Robinson Lady F 5 122
John Pride Laborer M 5 120
Rhody Pleasants Washer F 5 120
Randall Pleasants Laborer M 5 120
Eliz L McNamer Washer F 5 117
Perry Harris Laborer M 5 112
Enos Gongo Laborer M 5 111
Thomas Davis Laborer M 5 108
James Bowser Laborer M 5 106
Weldon Patience Matron F 4 102
Whitaker Charles Laborer M 4 102
Stuart William Ostler M 4 99
Stuart Jane Nurse F 4 99
Smith Edward Laborer M 4 99
Smith William Laborer M 4 99
Sommers Peter Laborer M 4 99
Robinson Gable Laborer M 4 98
Pride Mary A F 4 97
Purnell Sarah M 4 97
Pleasants William Laborer M 4 97
Little Benjamin Laborer M 4 93
Jones Frank Laborer M 4 91
Jones John Laborer M 4 91
Jeffries Henry Laborer M 4 91
Hazard Isaac Teamster M 4 90
Harrison isaiah Coachman M 4 90
Hatfield John Laborer M 4 90
Cooper Elizabeth F 4 85
Chase Samuel Laborer M 4 85
Bond Jesse Laborer M 4 84
Brake Peter R Trader M 4 84
Byard William Laborer M 4 84
Butler James Laborer M 4 84
Wallace Wm Laborer M 3 78
Parner John Laborer M 3 72
Purvis Robert Farmer M 3 72
Hackett Samuel Laborer M 3 64
Bolden Chas Laborer M 3 58
Barney JJ Laborer M 3 58
Woods Joseph M 2 54
Stevens Maryann F 2 49
Williams John M 1 26
Ricketts Peter M 1 20
Moore George Laborer M 1 15
Moore Elisha Laborer M 1 15
Miles John M 1 15
Harris James Laborer M 1 11
Harris Joseph Laborer M 1 11
Freeman Henry M 1 9
Freeman George M 1 9
Freeman Wm T M 1 9
Freeman Rachael F 1 9
Fisher Euphamea F 1 9
Chase Elias M 1 5
Chase Mary F 1 5
Chase Wm M 1 5
Ward 24
Name Surname Occupation Sex Division Pg
Wilson Mrs Sarah Lady F 9 258
Ward Mrs Julia Estate F 9 258
Thomas Delisha Estate F 9 256
Sheppare Liddia Estate F 9 254
Miller Perry Lab M 9 246
Martin Lewis B Carpenter M 9 246
Lee Fenton Lab M 9 245
London Jacob Lab M 9 245
Logan Nehemiah Lab M 9 245
Bailey Peter Lab M 9 236
Black Mathas Lab M 9 236
Black Gideon Lab M 9 236
Singleton Aaron Estate M 8 224
Gibbs Matthew M 8 210
Drummon Joseph Estate M 8 207
Drummon Anna M Estate F 8 207
Peer Anthony Barber M 5 130
Parker Saml Lab M 4 100
Draper Lydia Washwoman F 4 87
Allen Leven Lab M 4 81
Robenson Perry R Lab M 3 72
Underwood Elizabeth Washerwoman F 2 52
Green Jane Washwoman F 2 37
Drisberry David Carter M 2 34
Beasly Robert Lab M 2 32
Amos Nathan Lab M 2 31
Richards David Lab M 1 20
Richards Allen Lab M 1 20
Richards James Ostler M 1 20
King John D Lab M 1 12
Hews Henderson Lab M 1 10
Harris Elias Lab M 1 10
Harris George Lab M 1 10
Grey Henderson Lab M 1 9
Emons Peter Lab M 1 7
Black Calvin Lab M 1 3
Ward 25
Name Surname Occupation Sex Division Pg
Jno Brooks M 1 6
David Bowers Lab M 1 6
Jno Rogers Lab M 1 22
Jno Stewart Lab M 1 24
Wm Butcher Lab M 2 33
Wm Butcher Sr Lab M 2 33
Henry Jefferson Lab M 2 41
Wm James Lab M 2 41
Dublin H King Coachman M 2 42

 

Source: Septennial Census Returns, 1779–1863. Box 1026, microfilm, 14 rolls. Records of the House of Representatives. Records of the General Assembly, Record Group 7. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg, PA.

 

Other Documents

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 1 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 2 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 3 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 4&5 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 7 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 8 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 9 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Wards 10 – 12 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Wards 13 – 16 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Wards 10 thru 12 – African Americans

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A few more posts for 1863. The following covers Wards 10 thru 12. At a later date, I will attempt to find the individuals in this Census with the 1860 and 1870 Census. An earlier attempt was not fruitful but I will try again to draw connections and attach these individuals with their census records. There is so much to do – continue with older Septennial censuses, attempt to connect with the Federal census and I’m also working on posting a Trades census for Colored People.

I hope this finds someone who can find this information useful. It certainly is helpful to me in that even if I do not find ancestors, I know I’ve been through the entire census. However, this census did lead to who I believe is a 5th great grand uncle.

 

Ward 10

Name Surname Occupation Sex Division Pg
Barrett Saml Barber M 1 3
Perkins Amelia F 1 19
Frisby Jas M 2 36
Davis Thomas H Barber M 3 65
Richardson Nancy Ann Laundress F 6 168
Owen Jonas Coachman M 7 193

Ward 11

Name Surname Occupation Age Yr Born Sex Division Pg
Davis Moses Dealer 60 1803 M 5 111

 

Ward 12

Name Surname Occupation Age Yr Born Sex Division Pg
Bustill David Gent 60 1803 M 2 29
Bower D.B. Painter 40 1823 M 3 58
Fossett Redman Dealer 36 1827 M 5 119
Fossett Susan 69 1794 F 5 119
Fisher Gottlieb Corder M 5 119

Source: Septennial Census Returns, 1779–1863. Box 1026, microfilm, 14 rolls. Records of the House of Representatives. Records of the General Assembly, Record Group 7. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg, PA.

 

Other Documents

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 1 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 2 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 3 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 4&5 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 7 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 8 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 9 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Wards 13 – 16 – African Amercians

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A pattern emerging maybe…an urban/suburban devide? As we move farther away from the city center, the number of free people of color declines.

 

Ward 13
Name Surname Occupation Age Yr Born Sex Division Pg
Bustill Chas Porter 45 1818 M 4 95
Ward 14
Name Surname Occupation Age Yr Born Sex Division Pg
William Winters Dealer M 2 54
Isaac William Barber M 4 114
Bustill J.M. Plasterer M 7 178
Jones Harriet D 7 185
Ward 15
Name Surname Occupation Age Yr Born Sex Division Pg
Williams Henry Labor M 2 28
Knight David Barber M 3 76
Singleton Grayson ?eamman M 3 86
Sands Joshua Barber M 5 148
Ward 16
Name Surname Occupation Age Yr Born Sex Division Pg
Griffith Aaron Waiter M 8 222

 

Source: Septennial Census Returns, 1779–1863. Box 1026, microfilm, 14 rolls. Records of the House of Representatives. Records of the General Assembly, Record Group 7. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg, PA.

 

Other Documents

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 1 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 2 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 3 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 4&5 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 7 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 8 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 9 – African Americans

1863 Septennial Census – Philadelphia Ward 10 – 12 – African Americans